शनिवार, 9 जुलाई 2016

और कैसे दुनिया बच गयी

आज के दिन का इतिहास:
इधर ज़ाकिर नायक इस्लाम को 2+2 = 4 और बाकी धर्मों को 2+2 ≠ 4 बता रहे थे, और इस बात पर अर्नब उस पर चिल्ला रहे थे; और कुछ लोग अर्नब पर इसलिए चिल्ला रहे थे क्यूंकि वो ज़ाकिर नायक पर चिल्ला रहे थे.
टोनी ब्लेयर अपने कर्मों के लिए माफ़ी मांग रहे थे, और अमेरिका के लोग अपने ही राष्ट्रपति पद के उम्मीदवार के बयान पर सर खुजला रहे थे.
कुछ लोग सड़क पर एक जानवर के हत्यारे को फांसी देने के नारे लगा रहे थे, तो कहीं कुछ लोग बैठकर दुनिया को 6000 साल पुराना बता रहे थे.
इराक में इस्लामिक स्टेट वाले यज़ीदियों पर अत्याचार कर रहे थे, तो कहीं कुछ लोग बैठकर युद्धबंदियों से सम्बन्ध बनाने की परमीशन वाली किताब को पढ़ पढ़ कर सुना रहे थे.
इन सब की बीच दुनिया में सिर्फ बम और गोलियों की आवाज थी, उधर रोजर फेडरर भी विंबलडन से बाहर हो चुके थे. डर था कि दुनिया का अंत आज ही होने वाला है.
इस बीच एक फरिश्ता आया और उसने फेसबुक पर "घर बैठे 10000 रुपये महीने कमाएं" और "व्हाट्सऐप पर 100 एम बी मुफ्त डेटा पाएं" का सन्देश डाला। यकीन मानिए दुनिया उसके इस सन्देश की वजह से ही बच गयी.

मंगलवार, 2 फ़रवरी 2016

A manager’s tale: when brain gets drained

Ever since I joined office I realized one of the most important job which I have to do is not accounting, but it is human resource management.  A reason for it may be my distaste for the accounting that I find myself more concerned about the man management part or it may be the case that I am having fun in doing this part of job more than the other part. Its normal, we are not born as super-man and we may have our own taste. But that is not what we are assumed to be and so we have to do all part of that work irrespective of our liking. And this all part includes a hell lot of things.
But why am I writing this? What prompted me to sit down in front of my laptop to write such thing? It is the feeling which I felt last evening; I came back from office on time (Always try to go office on time and come back on time), so definitely I had not worked for more than 8 hours yesterday but when I reached my room, which is just 40 stairs away from my office, I was feeling completely drained. I just wanted to go to my bed and give my mind some rest. I have felt like this few times earlier but then I had worked or studied for long hours or when I had done something physically very tiring. But, yesterday it was a very different situation; I was drained after working in my office for some standard 8 hours a day and remember it was a just Monday.
So, I decided to think about the probable reasons for it, and found the real culprit. It was multitasking and this is the problem which managers face day in day out in their office daily. We are supposed to be good in multitasking. All officers are supposed to be, and this is what makes their job difficult while it looks very cool from the other side. I had to deal with many different issues in a single day; which ranges from coordinating with state government officials to get their accounts on time, to, why cases which have to be finished in 45 days, got delayed. The very next minute of doing one of the above mentioned jobs, I had to read the court cases and go into their core and prepare a reply and while doing this, I need to find out the reason my staff got salary with some delay and many more things. Add to it the management of around 180+ staff and it would require a good multitasker to perform all this.
And here lies the reason of my drained brain. The work of a manager requires a quick shift from legal to financial matters, administrative to accounting matters and so on and it affects our brain. It makes our brain feel tired. I felt it and many of you must have felt that in many evenings. Being a manager is a tough job. So managers (or officers, whatever you feel good when being called)! Kudos to you.
Another Bakra.

रविवार, 24 जनवरी 2016

Caste, reservation, discrimination and me (A life journey)

To start with, let me make it clear in first line that I hate caste system and any discrimination based on caste.
I think some background of my family will help you people to decide whether my experience is superfluous or could be termed a little bit real. I was born in a family which belongs to a caste which comes under the category of OBC definition of our government system and which is numerically insignificant to make any ‘vote bank’ except in some municipal wards or in some village, like one to which my father belongs. Before moving to Allahabad, I spent first 10 years of my life in a small town having a population of some 10-15k in district which could be called a backward district in terms of industries, development or in terms of law and order. My mother belongs to another town of the same district and my father’s village is in district which is even more undeveloped. So here it starts; my experience with caste.

My first school is one of those which are called by some people where casteism is taught; one of Saraswati Shishu Mandir spread in towns and small centers of this country. And number of times I faced any kind of discrimination from any of my teachers is an ‘absolute zero’.  Most of them must be knowing my caste as it was a small town or at least they must be knowing that I am not one of so called ‘born with golden spoon kid' born in an ‘upper caste’; but still they never did any discrimination to me, not a single time. I spent 7 years in that school and forget about discrimination, I am one of the most loved students by teachers there. They loved me like their own kid and when my parents used to complain about me in meetings with them, they were the one who defended me in front of my parents. They were the one who had laid the foundation of my journey; if you consider me being a somewhat successful person, then they are the one who should get most of the credit. 

When I moved to Allahabad, I joined a small private school there. Being new to that school, it’s obvious that I would not be in favorite list of those (every school or institute has its own dynamics), but again caste based discrimination – 0.

Then I did my high school and Intermediate from a government aided school. And like my early childhood days, here again I was one of the favorite students of my teachers. (Oops! Something must be horribly wrong with all these people, why are not they doing any discrimination). I still meet some of them, and when I touch their feet, it’s simple a student touching feet of his Guru; for all those who looks everything through lenses of castes, it may not be a ideal case for their Halla-gulla, but this is a real world, not a ‘award wapasi’ gang studio. To add more salts to wounds of this gang, if I was ever discriminated, it was always on positive side, and that too was not for my caste, but because of me being a hard-working student in their eyes. They were good people who had stood with me to make me, to build me and probably never looked at the caste column of my profile.

Then comes the college life and here again I was in the good list of ‘Shukla’ or ‘Ojha’. Anyone wishing to hear a story of an OBC being treated badly by an ‘upper caste’ could be sad by now, but hold your breath, 10 years of my life is still left.

Then I reached the prestigious IIT Kanpur to do my Post graduation and let me assure you I still don’t know caste of my thesis guide and I am sure he also don't. Reason is simple, we were busy doing what to be done in an institute, doing study, research. I still do and meet him to take his guidance, caste is a useless thing for both of us. I was involved in hostel politics and even there some of the cards played against me were my food habits and regionalism. To give the credit where it is due, even my political opponents did not brought caste into the table while fighting the election.

And with IIT, my educational career stopped, and I faced no discrimination on the basis of my caste even a single time. And I do ensure you that I did not faced any discrimination during my job period too. 
So here I am; After 3 schools, 2 colleges, 4 training academies and 2 workplaces and zero caste based discrimination. What a journey it was, and by now I don’t believe that it was just my luck to not find a single such person; it is more of a norm. I may get some in future, but that would make them exceptions only.

So it was all about my educational and professional life, but that is just a part of my life, what about time which I spend with my family, my friends, their families and many other people with whom I come into contact daily.
Starting with my family; for them it never mattered that I am making friends of what castes or religion. They did not care for it at all and all my friends are always welcomed by them inside home and my mother always had conversations with them, some time even more than me irrespective of their caste or religion. Talking about any such discrimination in my friend circle would be a blasphemy. All of us know each other caste or religion, but we don’t give even a shit to it (and its not worth giving too). About their families, they had always treated me like their son. How on earth I am so lucky to have such wonderful people in my life, I have access to their living room, kitchen etc, and they did not even care to ask my caste! How can they be like that when according to some people everyone is castist to one’s core outside?

Reservation and my dilemma: Now it’s a good time to talk about the dilemma, which still haunts me. Whether to use reservation or not? First, I never faced discrimination and second, I belong to a middle class family (not a creamy one), so to use it or not, here lies the dilemma. If I go for using it, that would be against my personal views on reservation which I think is discriminatory against people of so called upper castes; and if I decide to apply as a general candidate, I may be doing more harm to other general candidates who are already suffering from reservation. This is one of those dilemmas which had given me sleepless nights. It may be happening to many other like me too, and they may have reached to a solution unlike me. I am still clueless what to fill in my form in the category column while filling a form, General or OBC? I decided to fill it at random, i.e. just fill whatever it comes into mind at that particular time. I find it a funny way to mock a system I dislike, there may be better ways, please help me if you have one.

Now I want to end this long emotional chat with you people, if by this time you hadn’t got bored and still reading it. I never wear my caste in my hat, and got treated like I did not have one. I got love from so many people from all castes and religion, and I am sure all of you must have got the same. I agree that there are some ass-holes out there, but there always be some of them and there are some of them in all caste. Also life is not fair, and you will meet some people who will not do good to you, and some who will do good to you but if you keep wearing your caste hat all the time, whenever you meet one who does not do good to you, you may feel it is because of your caste, when the reason is you had find one such person which you had to meet one day anyway, so don’t blame him being a castist. Professors do not have time to look into your caste before awarding you mark. Stop being so skeptical and cry foul every day. By doing this, you may be doing exactly opposite of what you are wishing for in your heart; we will make a caste less society one day. 

Love to all. 

शुक्रवार, 8 जनवरी 2016

Urban Transport and pollution: Is odd even a solution?

No it’s not a solution. Odd-even is not a solution for a simple reason that Paracetamol is not a medicine for cancer. 

Here we are talking about problems which are highly related urban transport and city air pollution. Cars are not the biggest polluter in the cities, but if taken per capita, they are and if you consider per capita space taken on road (and road side parking), cars will come at top and these are major reasons for traffic congestion which leads to more emission and more pollution from other vehicles too. So we should try for removing as many cars from road as possible. But how that is the point which should be debated.

1. Rule number one for any city is to transport as many people as possible with as less emission as possible and this can be done in three ways - a) walk    b) ride a cycle              c) use public transport.
a) Walking – whether you are walking to office (not possible in any big or medium scale city) or to a point of public transport, first issue which will come to your mind is how safe is it? And it is unsafe to be a walker in most of the cities. You may be robbed, or thrown away by a bull, a pack of street dogs with their sharp teeth are ready to bite you at every corner; and crossing a road is nightmare, either you will not have a zebra crossing or no one in their cars are going to respect a mere mortal like a pedestrian. So removing stray animals from road is difficult, making zebra crossing and signal system for pedestrian to cross is difficult and it requires surgical efforts, easy thing is to go for paracetamol.

b) Cycles – This is where future is, go to Europe and see how much precedence cyclist get over other mode of transport (second to pedestrian). They have dedicated lanes, 10 feet is reserved for them in front at signals, they have right to use roads above motor driven vehicles.

c) Public Transport – It requires buying buses, running those for larger number of hours, connecting the areas which are not connected and increasing the frequency of metro. Again all this requires money and will power which is normally absent in our political system always.

What other things we require to handle pollution which is happening because of urban transport.
2. Lane driving – Really! Most of the people in national capital probably never even heard of it, and that’s why people prefer to use car rather than cycle or two-wheeler. And this problem is even in Imphal too. They are widening the road at the level of madness with no concern about how to ensure safety for pedestrian or riders. Everyone loves one’s life and prefer car if they can afford.

3. And now let’s come back to where we started, i.e. why odd-even is not a solution? Because it affects people at large for no reason. Cars are still costly and their fuel too. Those who are rich affords it easily (and they mostly have more than one car in family, so wouldn’t be affected much anyway), but for many use of car has a lot to with the points mentioned earlier. Alternatives for not using car are in pathetic stage. Use of public transport goes like that – Make sure no bull throws you away while you walk to nearest point of public transport, then because government has invested less in that (remember same government spending money on widening roads, so what they are lacking is not money, but something else), riding a public transport system is like getting shipped in a factory assembly line and then this process continues while returning and if its dark you will need to walk through social criminals and dogs too. Riding cycle or bike is not safe on roads in a country where traffic rules are far books only.

So people use cars, for safety, for comfort and for need too. And odd even system does not address any of these. It neither makes you feel safe nor makes you comfortable and worst it affect you when you need it. How would you go to a doctor for an illness if you get sick on a wrong day? You want to go out for a weekend trip to Jaipur and it turns out that you are not even with the scheme. You parents may be coming to railway station from your native place and it is again a wrong day. How to deal with these situations? With a fine of Rs. 2000, not a solution at all. If some needs to go to Delhi to spend his time with his friends from Noida, he is not going to buy a new car.

People should be discouraged to use car by making private cost of it to increase it to social cost. High parking rates would also discourage people from taking out their car and if it reduces the number of cars by 20-30%, that would be better than odd-even without affecting any needy one. Reducing advantages of cars over other modes are more important and it should be done by making other modes better, not making car ownership a crime. Removal of stray animals from road, strict imposition of traffic rules will make roads safe for pedestrian and cyclists. Improving public transport is a must. Copenhagen may be called cycle capital of world and there people don’t use it because they are environmentally more concerned than us or they hate cares, but because their cycle system and its integration with public transport is so good that people prefer it over cars. And when they need to go by car, they don’t do 5th class mathematics of odd-even. Solve cancer with surgery, not paracetamol.

गुरुवार, 5 नवंबर 2015

Will science solve the problem of have-have not

For most of the time in the history there was huge difference between those who were sitting in upper strata of class hierarchy and those who were in lower strata.

In ancient Rome a person with money could afford cloths imported from India while a slave would have to live without even cloths required to cover his body. But the difference was not just in cloths. A rich could afford communication, horse carts, food, good wine and a lot such things which an ordinary being can't even think off.

Modern world is different. Poverty is all time low (not in absolute numbers but surely in terms of percentage). But along with it rich and suoer rich can afford a lot of things which is still dream for many. Still in developed countries being elite is becoming less and less fashionable. And here lies the real contradiction, societies with more rich has made it less fashionable to be elite and behave differently than ordinary citizens (compare it with Aristotle’s thought of giving citizenship rights to a small population). But why is this happening? Biggest threat to elitism is not those who have not what rich can afford. But it is growing middle class which has made it.

And middle class is doing it with the help of science and technology. Consider a society with a small or non-exiatant middle class. And an invention of something kind of modern washing machine suddenly pops out of the blue. Obviously only few lucky one could afford it, and it would be very fashionable to own one such machine. But with modern production assemblies and low costs a lot of people could afford that machine and now there would be nothing special about owing that machine. A rich person can still take solace in his mind that he could afford a higher version of that machine which other could not, but it would not be that fashionable as compared to only 2-3 people in city having such a machine.

Same is true for most of the domains of life. A rich could afford a business class flight ticket but still going to most of the places in the world is possible for many of the people and most people can easily afford intra-country journies.
Communication has reached to every one’s pocket. Just 200 years back, only super rich can send their messages to other person with incurring heavy costs. But its sounds so obvious now that we don't even consider it anything special. Eliticism gone at least in domain.

Cloths are more and more affordable to almost everyone. A rich can afford some specially designed cloths but there is nothing special even about that because mass production of designer clothes has made it possible that the big middle class would wear same clothes next month.

Having a personal transport vehicle is now possible for everyone in middle class strata. A rich can have an SUV but the exclusivity of having a personal vehicle has gone and with that the eliticism.

And this is going faster than we think. Today’s billaniors are wearing the same clothes and travelling is same kind of vehicles, having same food and talking the same language of science and democracy like billion or so those who belongs to middle class.

Probably science and technology created that class and would solve the problem of conflict of “haves” and “have nots” in a good way, i.e. making everyone’s better.

मंगलवार, 11 अगस्त 2015

Go for ride: Future of our cities, mother earth and humnity

For our future and for fewer deaths per year on road, we should reduce no. of vehicle and should move towards moving as many people as possible in as less time we could do and the best solution is of course, use of cycles.
I am trying to compare 3 mode of private commutations here. Cycle/ motorbike/ car?

Why will people choose a particular mode of commutation?
These criterias are-
1. It should save time
2. It should be safe
3. It should be comfortable

And India has the 4th criteria:
4. Mode of commutation is attached to status of a person.

As far as first point is concerned, for small to medium distances, and considering the increasing traffic on our roads, cycle may take almost as much time as a car and motorbike definitely takes less time than a car. (I go to my office on my scooter and it always takes less time to reach office/home using my scooter compared to what it took on some the days in which I go with my office colleagues using car)

Safety is a big issue and it is the only one which ranks cars above bike/motorbike. Cycle lanes are must and I don't know how long it will take our policymakers to decide that it is more beneficial to convert 2 lanes of roads to cycle lanes than allowing cars/motor vehicle on all 4 lanes.

For the third one, it is very very much comfortable if one starts his bike/motorbike inside his house and reaches office on time, when many are stranded in their cars in our own Indian traffic. Best thing about cycle is that it keeps moving. We have to take in our mind the harsh summer which most of the India faces and which makes cycling a bit difficult than driving. Then also we may wish to move with motorbikes and not cars. Or on a very harsh weather condition, take an umbrella, walk and use public transport. By using cars don’t make it harsher for others.

And on the last one; Aaahh. I have felt personally that our society attaches one personality with the length of his car. And a person riding cycle is one who has to be poor enough for not to afford at least a motorbike. We have reached such a level that when I visited one government office in Allahabad, I found out that the parking area nearest to office premises is reserved for cars (with a warning that any cycle/motorbike found standing in that area will be fined). This is a classical example of our mindset. We are doing exactly the opposite what we should do.
But it has to be changed. And this change will have to be us, all of us. All of us who are working in s/w firms, government offices etc have to break this stereotype. Many of us now (especially after qualifying civil service examination) think that what the others would think if they saw us going market with our cycles than cars. But why to care for them? Also with the increasing lifestyle related diseases it would help in keeping your blood pressure and sugar level under control. There is no point in using car to go to a gym and then start running there on treadmill.

I have now decided that I would use cycle as much as possible for short distances (< 5 kms) and public transport/scooter for distances more than that. And use of car would be limited to only when it is actually required.

Think about it once. Who wants our future generation to going on road with oxygen cylinders on their back? I know that none of you want such a future. To change that, start from today.

गुरुवार, 19 दिसंबर 2013

"If you can't make it, then fake it".

"36% of the scientists working at NASA are Indian", these kind of comments we all must have heard some or other times in our life. I heard it even at some premium institute like Dr. MCR HRD Institute of Andhra Pradesh where my Foundation Course was held. Then I decided to go to the NASA website and found that only 6.7% of its employee are 'Asian'. Now considering the scientific achievements of China, Korea and Japan, share of Indians in this 'Asian' would hardly be 3-4% in NASA.
But why do people make such comments at all? Before going into that question, let me tell you two other incidents of my life. Once one of my friend's friend (a medical student) told him that all the knowledge was present in our vedas, but we have lost the original ones and these are now with NASA. Scientist at NASA read those books and then only invent a new thing. Another incident happened 2 years back when I was traveling in a train and met a muslim boy who was around 11 year old. That young and bright boy was studying in a good school and also used to go to a madarsa to study religious books, and he told me that quran contains all the knowledge of the world, but now people just read these books and do not try to find out the meaning of that, but scientist at NASA study quran and there only they find all the new inventions.
What is common in all of the above incidents. One is obviously NASA (why everyone loves NASA so much) and second is the idea that "NASA is being run by us". Here you just need to replace us with Indian, Hindus and Muslims respectively. But why so much buzz about NASA and what these people are trying to show.
One, NASA had done something which is a very big scientific achievement. It is the first organization in the human history which has send human to some other world. They had achieved something which religions and religious people has only dreamed of. And there is no doubt that you can not send a person to moon just by reading vedas or quran; so why don't steal some credit when it is not due!!
And more important most of these people are not aware where the research happens in this world, because they read religious books thinking that these contain all the knowledge, and these books does not have any mention of MIT, Stanford, Bell Lab or CERN (list is not exhaustive); or there are tens or hundreds of fields of science (like medical science, physics, material design, computer science, chemistry..........) in which research happens and NASA is pioneer in only some including space technology.
Second, the present status of scientific achievements of India(as a country) and Hindus and Muslims (as religious community) is very depressing. No doubt they have contributed to science heavily when Europe was in dark age, and no one in the old world was even aware about America, but their present contribution is not significant. As a society many of them are now affected by inferiority complex probably, and attack everything from valentine day to pizza, which may have their origin in west (but have no problem in taking coffee). But even for these people denying the scientific achievements of west is not possible, so how can then they claim about superiority of them? There is only one way which is left, accept what people in western world are doing in the field of science, but rather than giving credit to them for their hard work in labs, simply say all has been possible because of us only, this may also give an excuse to us for not going for research and wasting time in reading books written by tribals of millenius ago.

As it is said "If you can't make it, then fake it".

मंगलवार, 3 जुलाई 2012

गब्बर - सांभा और मानवाधिकार.

प्रस्तुत लेख उस बातचीत पर आधारित है, जो अबू ज़ुन्दाल उर्फ़ अबू हम्ज़ा के भारत प्रत्यर्पण के बाद गब्बर और सांभा के बीच हुआ. यह पूरी तरह से सच है क्यूंकि इसे एक देवदूत मेरे कान में फूंककर गया था, और अगर किसी को कुछ पंक्तियाँ पसंद न आयें तो वह ये मान सकता है कि उन पंक्तियों को शैतान ने मेरे कान में फूंक दिया था.

गब्बर : अरे ओ सांभा!
सांभा :  जी सरदार,
गब्बर : ये संदीप पाण्डेय कहाँ है रे?
सांभा :  पता नहीं सरदार.
गब्बर : और ये अरुंधती रॉय?
सांभा : उसका भी पता नहीं.
गब्बर : और उनका बाकी का गैंग?
सांभा : उसका भी नहीं पता. पर सरदार सुबह सुबह ये इन मानवाधिकार वालों को क्यूँ याद कर रहे हो?
गब्बर : ऐसे ही. हर बार किसी आतंकवादी के पकडे जाने पर ये लोग टी.वी. पर दिखाई देते थे, अबकी नहीं दिखे तो पूछ लिया. वैसे ये मानवाधिकार क्या होता है?
सांभा : वो सरदार! ठीक से तो नहीं पता, पर ये लोग हमेशा आतंकवादियों की बात करते हैं, तो इसी को कहते होंगे मानवाधिकार.
गब्बर : ओह साला! इसको कहते हैं मानवाधिकार. वो गाँव में तो मास्टर बताया था कि मानव का मतलब तो इंसान होता है.
सांभा :  अब सरदार! स्कूल तो हम कभी गए नहीं, तो मास्टर का बताया, ये हमें क्या पता. हम तो टी.वी. ही देखते हैं.
गब्बर : हाँ! और ये टीविया से भी बहुत जानकारी मिलती है  आजकल. और क्या क्या पता चला है इन लोगों के बारे में.
सांभा : देखो सरदार. मान लो कुछ नक्सली.........
गब्बर : नक्सली?
सांभा : अरे अपने चम्बल के आगे कुछ सोचो तो पता भी चले तुम्हे. हमारे जैसे बहुत से लोग झारखण्ड और बिलासपुर के जंगल में भी बन्दूक लेकर घूमते हैं, और लोगों को मारते हैं, उन्ही को कहते हैं - नक्सली.
गब्बर : वह सांभा टी.वी. देखकर तुम तो बड़ा पढ़ लिख गए हो. अच्छा अच्छा आगे बताओ.
सांभा : हाँ तो मान लो कुछ नक्सली एक - आध गाँव जला दें, तो पुलिस क्या करेगी.
गब्बर : करेगी क्या? वही करेगी जो हमारे लिए करती है. ढूंढेगी और पकड़ पायी तो गोल्लियों से ठूंस देगी.
सांभा : हाँ तो वही करती भी है पुलिस. तब ये मानवाधिकार वालों का धंधा शुरू होता है और ये झंडा लेकर खड़े हो जाते हैं.
गब्बर : और बता सांभा. इन बातों में तो बसंती के नाच से भी ज्यादा इंटेरेस्ट आ रहा है.
सांभा : और क्या मान लो कोई आतंकवादी जिन्दा पकड़ जाए तो बताओ क्या होगा.
गब्बर : क्या 'क्या' होगा? फांसी होगी. और क्या?
सांभा : जब फांसी हो जाती है, तो ये लोग फिर से झंडा लेकर खड़े हो जाते हैं, कि फांसी नहीं दो. कम से कम उन लोगों को तो नहीं ही, जो दूसरों को मार डालते हों.
गब्बर : अरे लगता है ये लोग तो एकदम अपने जैसे हैं.
सांभा (गुस्से से) : सरदार!!!
गब्बर : अरे गुस्सा काहे रहे हो?
सांभा : सरदार हम लोग अपनी माटी से तो प्यार करत है. देश का तोड़े कि बात तो नहीं करत (गुस्से के मारे सांभा टी.वी. देख देख कर सीखी सारी खड़ी बोली भूल जाता है).
गब्बर : मतलब?
सांभा : अरे सरदार! आप जानत नहीं हैं इस लोगन का. राजा अशोक के बसाये कश्मीर का कहत हैं कि अलग कर देओ देश से. अब बताओ हम लोगन तो गरीब की लड़ाई करत हैं, पर कभी या तो न कहीं कि चम्बल का देश से अलग कर देओ.
गब्बर : सच मा?
सांभा : अउर नहीं तो का. यहन तक कि जब बम्बई में हमला भा रहा, याद होई तुमका बहुत लोग मरेन रहें.
गब्बर : हाँ हाँ याद है.
सांभा : हाँ! तो सबका पता रहा कि पाकिस्तान वाले कराइन रहा ऊ हमला. और एक थो ठो आदमी तो पकड़ा भी गा रहा, का नाम है ओके. कसाब.
गब्बर : हाँ! वह तो एकदम खुला केस रहा.
सांभा : तो ओके बाद ई संदीप पाण्डेय वाला गैंग बताइस रहा कि हमला करे वाले सारे आदमी यहीं के संघी रहे, ऊ हाफ पैंट वाले. और उनके साथ अमेरिका और एक कौनो अउर देश के लोग भी रहेन.
गब्बर : तो इनका कैसे पता चला? का ई कौनो पुलिस आयें का?
सांभा : व तो नहीं पता. अउर जउन  आप सुरुआत में पूछे रहेँ (सांभा फिर से नार्मल हो जाता है) कि अबकी बार य गैंग शांत काहे है. तो व इसलिए कि अभी तक इनका कोई कहानी नहीं मिली है.
गब्बर : एक बात कहें साभा?
सांभा : सरदार एक क्या हजार बात बताये. हम तो आपके गुलाम हैं.
गब्बर : ये सरकार तो फ़ालतू में हमारे ऊपर इनाम रखे है. असली खतरा तो और लोग हैं.


शुक्रवार, 22 जून 2012

इलाहाबाद का नगरीय चुनाव

उत्तर प्रदेश में चल रहे नगरीय इकाइयों के चुनाव में एक से बढ़कर एक बातें दिखाई पड़ रही हैं, उनमे से कुछ पेश-ए-खिदमत हैं.

1) अगर ये चुनाव न होते तो हमें पता ही नहीं चलता कि हमारे शहर में इतने सारे ईमानदार, कर्मठ और संघर्षशील लोग रहते हैं, आज के इस युग में जब इमानदारी इतनी मंहगी है, इलाहाबाद की जनता अभिभूत है. वैसे एक बात पर सभी प्रत्याशी एकमत हैं कि उनको छोड़कर बाकी सब झूठ बोल रहे हैं.

2) महिलाओं के सामाजिक अधिकारों में इतनी वृद्धि हो गयी है, कि अधिकांश महिला प्रत्याशियों के पोस्टर पर उनके नाम के साथ साथ लिखा होता है: "_________ माता/पत्नी _________ ". और ये सिर्फ पार्षद प्रत्याशियों के साथ ही नहीं है, बल्कि महापौर पद के प्रत्याशियों के साथ भी सच है. चार बड़ी पार्टियों में से तीन महिलाओं की जगह तो मानो उनके पति ही चुनाव लड़ रहे हैं. कुछ का तो यह हाल है कि लोगों को उनका नाम भी नहीं पता, बस इतना पता है कि फलानें की पत्नी चुनाव लड़ रही हैं. चुनाव आयोग को चाहिए कि वो ई.वी.एम्. में उनके पति का नाम ही डाल दें. इस व्यर्थ के महिला सशक्तिकरण से क्या लाभ?

3) सबने सोच कर रखा है कि मतदाताओं को और कुछ पता चले न चले, उनकीजाति -बिरादरी का पता जरूर चलना चाहिए. जिन लोगों का उपनाम इस काम में बाधक था, उन्होंने पूरे गर्व के साथ उपनाम के आगे अपनी जाति लिख दी है, कि कहीं उनकी जातिके लोग जाली उम्मीदवारों से धोखा न खा जाए (भला है कि चेतावनी नहीं लिखी है कि - "मिलते-जुलते उपनामों से सावधान")

4) कुछ क्षेत्रों में तो इतने उम्मीदवार हैं कि जनता को एक तिहाई उम्मीदवारों के नाम भी पता रहें तो यही बहुत है.

5) अधिकांश प्रत्याशी हमारी समस्याओं के लिए लड़ने - मरने को (और कुछ लड़ने-मारने को) तैयार बैठे हैं, पर ऐसा कुछ होगा नहीं क्यूंकि सब अहिंसावादी है.

6) कम से कम क्षेत्र की सभी महिलायें प्रसन्न हैं, कि इस चुनाव के बहाने उनको राह पर आवारा लड़कों के द्वारा होने वाली छींटाकशी से आजादी मिल गयी है, वही लड़के आजकल उनको बहन जी, भाभी जी, या माता जी कहते हुए वोट मांगते हुए फिर रहे हैं.

बाकी फिर कभी, अभी लगता है....................... दरवाजे पर कोई वोट मांग रहा है.

सोमवार, 23 जनवरी 2012

नास्तिकता खूबसूरत है.

यदि हम धर्मों के इतिहास को देखें, तो यह कह सकते हैं कि भविष्य में कोई धर्म सबसे ज्यादा मजबूत होने वाला है तो वो वह है, किसी भी ईश्वर में अविश्वास यानी नास्तिकता.

मानव इतिहास के प्रारंभिक धर्म मुख्य तौर पर आत्मवादी या फिर प्रकृतिवादी थे, अर्थात प्राकृतिक शक्तियों की उपासना करने वाले. पूर्व में विकसित होने वाले धर्म विशेषकर वह जो भारत या चीन में विकसित हुए, वह प्रारंभ में किसी दर्शन के प्रतिपादन के फलस्वरूप अस्तित्व में आये और धीरे धीरे उन्होंने धर्म का रूप ले लिया. इसके विपरीत पश्चिम एशिया से पनपने वाले धर्म मूलतः एकेश्वरवादी थे और उनमें प्रारंभ से ही धार्मिक लक्षण और विधिविधान सम्मिलित थे.
मोटे तौर पर सभी धर्म मनुष्य और ईश्वर के संबंधों की व्याख्या करते हैं. हांलाकि जैन और बौद्ध धर्म अपने प्रारंभिक रूप में अनीश्वरवादी थे, परन्तु उनमे भी मनुष्य के संसार से मुक्ति के तरीकों के बारे में कहा गया है.
नास्तिकता इन दोनों चीजों का खंडन करता है. इसके अनुसार न तो ईश्वर ही है और न ही व्यक्ति का उद्देश्य तथाकथित मुक्ति को प्राप्त करना है. इसमें लोक की ही बातें है; न तो इसमें परलोक है, न जन्म-मरण का चक्र और न ही इसके अनुसार व्यक्ति को "न्याय के दिन (judgement day)" के बाद स्वर्ग या नरक में भेजा जाएगा. भारत की भूमि पर अभी तक ज्ञात पहले नास्तिक सिद्धांत के प्रचारक केश् कम्बलिन ने लिखा है - "मरने पर मूर्ख और बुद्धिमान दोनों ही संसार से अलग होकर नष्ट हो जाते हैं. मृत्यु के पश्चात् वे जीवित नहीं रहते".

परन्तु नास्तिकतावाद ईश्वर में अविश्वास मात्र नहीं है. यह एक वैज्ञानिक सोच वाला दर्शन है जोकि ठोस तथ्यों और तर्कों पर आधारित है. यह विचारधारा हर उस बात को नकारती है जिसे वैज्ञानिक परीक्षण या तर्क के आधार पर पुष्ट न किया जा सके. चूंकि ईश्वर के अस्तित्व को प्रमाणित नहीं किया जा सकता है, अतः यह उसके अस्तित्व को नकार देती है.

नास्तिकतावाद में भी किताबों और उसमे लिखे सिद्धांतों की जगह है; परन्तु साथ ही साथ यह उन किताबों में लिखी बातों को हुबहू स्वीकार का लेने के विरुद्ध आगाह करती है. हांलाकि कई धार्मिक सुधर आन्दोलन भी ऐसे हुए हैं, जोकि मानवीय मस्तिष्क व उसकी सोच को ईश्वरीय प्रेरणा की सर्वोत्तम अभिव्यक्ति मानते हैं, लेकिन उनमें से कोई भी मोटे तौर पर धर्म के दायरे को तोड़ने की हिम्मत नहीं कर सका.

एक अन्य आश्चर्य की बात है कि जहाँ सभी धर्म मनुष्य को ईश्वर का रूप या फिर उसके द्वारा उत्पन्न मानते हैं, वहीं किसी भी धर्म में मनुष्यों की समानता को पूर्ण रूप में धरातल पर नहीं उतरा गया और प्रत्येक धर्म में विशेषाधिकार युक्त एक वर्ग मौजूद रहा जो व्यक्ति और ईश्वर के बीच के बिचौलिए का काम करता है. शायद ही किसी धर्म में सभी मनुष्यों को सामान अधिकार होने की बात कही गयी हो. इसके विपरीत नास्तिकतावाद चूंकि ईश्वर को ही  नहीं मानता है, इसमें ऐसे किसी बिचौलिए के होने की संभावना ही नहीं है.
नास्तिकता एक क़िस्म का मानववादी धार्मिक दर्शन है और यह बजाय धार्मिक मूल्यों के नैतिक मूल्यों को अधिक सराहता है. राजनीतिक क्षेत्र में भी हम इसे लोकतंत्र का सच्छा हिमायती कह सकते हैं, क्यूंकि यह किसी के भी दैवीय अधिकारों को न मानकर यह मानने पर जोर देता है कि मानव अपने जीवन और समाज का निर्माण स्वयं करता है और मानव मस्तिष्क, धर्म ग्रंथों में लिखी बातों से कहीं अधिक सोचने की क्षमता रखता है. और चूंकि यह धर्म को शिक्षा में कोई स्थान नहीं देती है, यह छात्रों के भीतर वैज्ञानिक सोच को जन्म देती है, जिसका लाभ अंततः सारे मानव समाज को होगा.

कई धार्मिक लोगों का आरोप रहा है और आज भी रहता है कि नास्तिकता अनैतिकता को प्रोत्साहित करती है. परन्तु यह नहीं समझ में आता है कि अगर ऐसा ही है तो इतने सारे धर्मों के होते हुए सामाज में इतने दुर्गुण क्यूँ व्याप्त हैं? और अनैतिकता की परिभाषा भी तो धर्म के साथ बदलती रहती है. धर्म तो स्वयं ही अनैतिकता को बढ़ावा देते हैं. किसी धर्म के अनुसार इंसान के पाप गंगा-स्नान से मिट जाते हैं, तो किसी के अनुसार एक महीने तक भूखे रहने से. वैसे भी इतिहास गवाह है कि जितने युद्ध और अत्याचार धर्म के नाम पर हुए हैं, उतने शायद ही किसी और चीज के नाम पर हुए होंगे. नास्तिकता तो संसार को उसी रूप में स्वीकार करती है जिसमे वह है और लोगों के बुद्धिमत्ता पर पूरा विश्वास रखते हुए उनको ही यह तय करने देती है कि वो संसार को खूबसूरत बनाना चाहते हैं या उसकी व्यवस्था को कुव्यवस्था में बदलना चाहते हैं. लोग स्वयं ही तर्कों के आधार पर खुद ही यह निश्चय करते हैं कि झूठ, फरेब और अन्य बुराइयों से कुव्यवस्था का जन्म होता है और इनको दूर करने की कोशिश करते हैं. बस ऐसा वो अपने दिमाग का उपयोग करके करते हैं, नाकि किसी धर्म ग्रन्थ का अन्धानुकरण कर. इस सिद्धांत के अनुसार मानव ने अपनी आदिमानव से लेकर अन्तरिक्ष मानव तक की यात्रा में जिन गुणों को विकसित किया है वो कहीं अधिक सम्मान के पात्र है, धर्मग्रंथों की तुलना में. और मानव आर्यभट्ट, गैलीलियो, न्यूटन व एडिसन का कहीं अधिक ऋणी है, बजाय मुहम्मद साहब, यीशु, या राम के.

जैसे जैसे समाज में वैज्ञानिक सोच बढ़ेगी; लोग स्वयं ही खुद को धार्मिक बंधनों से आजाद करके विश्व-मानव की परिकल्पना को साकार करेंगे. विश्व का भविष्य खूबसूरत है और यह इस्लाम, ईसाईयत या वैदिक धर्म में नहीं, तर्क और निरीश्वरवाद में है.